The draft Model Law of the Collective Security Treaty Organization On Ensuring National Security was developed in accordance with the 2016–2020 CSTO PA Action Plan on Approximation and Harmonization of National Legislation of the CSTO Member States by the Special Training Centre for Further Education of Administrative Officers and Experts (Republic of Belarus) in cooperation with the experts of the Institute of National Security of the Republic of Belarus, the Ministry of the Interior Academy of the Republic of Belarus and the Border Guard Service Institute of the Republic of Belarus.
The model law was adopted at a field session of the CSTO Parliamentary Assembly in Moscow on October 30, 2018.
The model law is based on the Recommendations on the Improvement and Harmonization of the CSTO Member States’ Legislation Regulating Relations in the Sphere of National Security Provision and also takes into account the provisions of conceptual policy papers and regulations of the Collective Security Treaty Organization Member States.
The model law was necessitated by at least three factors with potential extremely negative impact on the very existence of the Organization’s states:
first, the lack of systemic legal regulation in the area of national security in the CSTO Member States;
second, the expansion of the range of threats to the national security of the CSTO Member States, changes in their nature and intensity;
third, an increased danger of consequences of the execution of threats to national security for the state, society and individual citizens.
Accordingly, the purpose of preparation and adoption of the new model law was the need to develop a new coordinated policy in the CSTO framework, harmonization of legislative decisions of the CSTO Member States in the area of national security and regulation of the existing social relations in this sphere.
In general, the adopted model law contributes to narrowing the focus of state policy in this area, which, in turn, increases the effectiveness of its implementation.
The Model Law On Ensuring National Security contributes not only to the harmonization of national laws and regulations in the area of ensuring national security, but also to integration of national security systems of the CSTO States and harmonization of approaches to training of security experts; it also serves as a tool for settlement of issues in the implementation of measures to ensure national security that should be uniformly addressed by all CSTO States.