On September 21, 1991 the Armenian SSR held a referendum where an overwhelming majority of voters – 99% – responded positively to the question of Republic’s independence from the Soviet Union.
The Armenian SSR had been a part of the Union since 1921. On September 23, the Supreme Soviet of the Armenian SSR proclaimed the independence of the Republic from the USSR. September 21 was proclaimed as Independence Day.
In October 1991, Levon Ter-Petrosyan was elected the first President of the Republic of Armenia. In that year the Republic joined the Commonwealth of Independent States. In 1992, it became a member of the United Nations.
September 21 is one of the most important holidays in Armenia, it is widely and lively celebrated throughout the country.
On the morning of September 21, Nikol Pashinyan, Prime Minister of the Republic of Armenia; President Armen Sarkissian; Alen Simonyan, President of the National Assembly of the Republic of Armenia; and Arshak Karapetyan, Minister of Defence, visited the military pantheon Yerablur. The officials laid wreaths on the graves of those killed in the Karabakh wars to the sound of the national anthem.
In the evening of September 21, the Republic Square in Yerevan plans to host a mass event primarily in honour of those killed for the independence, security and sovereignty of Armenia and for Karabakh.